Here you will find a regularly updated collection of articles published in physiological journals.
The Physiological Society of Japan
celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2023. On this occasion the Journal of Physiology compiled a collection of some of the most influential research published by Japanese authors in this journal. Have a closer look here
Plügers Archiv: a selection:
made by Armin Kurtz, editor in chief of Pflügers Archiv – Eur J Physiol:
Pflügers Arch – Eur J Physiol. Volume 474, issue 8, August 2022 Special Issue: Kidney Control of Homeostasis. Why?
From Pflügers Archive we highlight a thematic collection of papers. These are in a Special Issue entitled “kidney control of homeostasis”. The understanding of body homeostasis is a core element of physiological thinking and research.
With its multiple functions the kidneys play a key role for body homeostasis in several different organs. The articles of the Special Issue, written by experts in their fields, highlight the present stae of knowledge for these different functions of the kidneys in homeostasis.
APSselectThe July 2023 Selections from APS Journals
The wide spread metabolic syndrome, increases the risk of diabetes and poor brain outcomes and represents a serious health problem. Poor brain outcomes appear to be linked to lower cerebral blood flow (CBG). The authors hypothesized that total and regional CBF is lower in metabolic syndrome more so in the anterior brain and explored three potential mechanisms. Based on MRI imaging in young controls and in young patients with metabolic syndrome the authors found that individuals with metabolic syndrome exhibit substantially reduced brain perfusion . This reduction was not due to loss of NOS or gain of ET-1 signaling but rather a loss of vasodilation induced by cycloxygenase products .
Light and timing of food intake influence molecular clocks that produce circadian rhythmicity of many biological functions. A constant desynchronization of these biological clocks is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Using a stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rat model exposed to chronic environmental circadian disruption the hypothesis was tested that it would accelerate the time to stroke onset. It was also tested whether time-restricted feeding could delay stroke onset. It was found that phase advancing of the light schedule indeed accelerated stroke onset. However, restricting food access time to 5 h/day regardless of lighting profoundly delayed stroke onset.
Much more can be found in this month’s selection of articles from APS journals!
The German Physiological Society (DPG) selects regularly a “Paper of the Month“.
DPG’s latest paper of the month was published in Dev Cell. It highlight the plastic potential of oligodendrocytes in acute brain trauma. It was found that acute brain lesions associated with hemorrhagic injuries trigger a re-programming of oligodendrocytes. A subpopulation of oligodendrocytes was identified by single-cell RNA sequencing which activate astroglial genes under these conditions. These cells were termed AO cells based on their concomitant activity of astro- and oligodendroglial genes. Such conversion was promoted by local injection of IL-6 and was diminished by IL-6 receptor-neutralizing antibody.
The Physiological Society of Japan publishes regularly Science Topics related of a recently published paper.
The latest topic relates to an article published by Ayane Ninomiya et al in PNAS: Long-term depression-inductive stimulation causes long-term potentiation in mouse Purkinje cells with a mutant thyroid hormone receptor. For details click here
Don’t miss Physiology Shorts
These new and engaging video feature from The Journal of Physiology aims to deliver short and informative research snapshots directly from the authors of research papers selected by the Editors of the journal!